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Prior thiazolidinedione treatment preserves insulin sensitivity in normal rats during acute fatty acid elevation: role of the liver
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 13:49 authored by Ye, JM, Frangioudakis, G, Miguel IglesiasMiguel Iglesias, Furler, SM, Ellis, B, Dzamko, N, Cooney, GJ, Kraegen, EW
Thiazolidinediones lower lipids, but it is unclear whether this is essential for their insulin-sensitizing action. We investigated relationships between lipid-lowering and insulin-sensitizing actions of a thiazolidinedione. Normal rats were pretreated with or without Pioglitazone (Pio, 3 mg/kg.d) for 2 wk. Insulin sensitivity was assessed by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp with elevation of free fatty acids (FFA) by Intralipid/heparin infusion over 6 h. In untreated rats insulin sensitivity decreased by 46% over 3-6 h of elevated FFA, whereas it remained normal but with a 50% increase in FFA clearance in Pio-treated rats. After matching plasma FFA, insulin sensitivity was still partially (30%) protected in Pio-treated rats, substantially by maintaining insulin suppressibility of hepatic glucose output. This was associated with lower hepatic long-chain acyl-coenzyme A. Plasma adiponectin was increased 2-fold in Pio-treated rats and was negatively correlated with hepatic glucose output (r2 = 0.70, P < 0.001) and liver long-chain acyl-coenzyme A (r2 = 0.39, P < 0.005). Pio-induced muscle insulin sensitization was largely diminished after matching plasma FFA elevation, but insulin-stimulated protein kinase B phosphorylation was protected. We conclude that thiazolidinediones can protect against lipid-induced insulin resistance with a significant component (mainly liver) of the protective effect not requiring lipid lowering. This may be related to chronic elevation of adiponectin by thiazolidinediones.
Department/SchoolSchool of Health Sciences
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