File(s) under permanent embargo
Probabilistic risk assessment of major accidents: application to offshore blowouts in the Gulf of Mexico
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-19, 10:43 authored by Khakzad, N, Khakzad, S, Faisal KhanFaisal Khan
Major accidents are low-frequency, high-consequence accidents which are not well supported by conventional statistical methods due to the scarcity of directly relevant data. Modeling and decomposition techniques such as event tree have been proved as robust alternatives as they facilitate incorporation of partially relevant near accident dataâ€“accident precursor dataâ€”in probability estimation and risk analysis of major accidents. In this study, we developed a methodology based on event tree and hierarchical Bayesian analysis to establish informative distributions for offshore blowouts using data of near accidents, such as kicks, leaks, and failure of blowout preventers collected from a variety of offshore drilling rigs. These informative distributions can be used as predictive tools to estimate relevant failure probabilities in the future. Further, having a set of near accident data of a drilling rig of interest, the informative distributions can be updated to render case-specific posterior distributions which are of great importance in quantitative risk analysis. To cope with uncertainties, we implemented the methodology in a Markov Chain Monte Carlo framework and applied it to risk assessment of offshore blowouts in the Gulf of Mexico.
Publication titleNatural Hazards
Department/SchoolAustralian Maritime College
Place of publicationThe Netherlands
Rights statement? Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014