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Productivity and water use efficiency of summer soybean-winter wheat rotation system under limited water supply in the North China Plain
journal contributionposted on 2023-11-03, 02:15 authored by Jiangwen Nie, Matthew HarrisonMatthew Harrison, Jie Zhou, Lei Yang, Jie Zhao, Xiquan Wang, Ke LiuKe Liu, Shang Wang, Huadong Zang, Yadong Yang, Zhaohai Zeng
Development of novel crop rotations with superior water- and N-use efficiency will be fundamental in the quest for securing sustainable food supplies under environments that are increasingly resource limited. Here, our aim was to examine how replacing maize with soybean as part of winter wheat rotations impacted the nutrient-equivalent yield (EY), evapotranspiration (ET) and water-use efficiency (WUE) of rotation systems. We contrasted summer soybean-winter wheat (SW) and summer maize-winter wheat (MW) cropping systems under three nitrogen (N) fertilization regimes: no, medium, and high nitrogen application rates (0 N, MN, and HN, respectively). Results showed that SW not only resulted in lower annual yields, but also caused more variable inter-annual wheat productivity compared with MW. SW had similar annual productivities to MW in wet (2019–2020) and dry (2020–2021) years, but lower productivity than MW in an average precipitation year (45% reduction, 2018–2019). As well, SW had higher average annual ETs (633–854 mm) than MW, mainly was attributed to higher ETs (268–440 mm) in summer. SW reduced WUEs by 17% and 28% in average (2018–2019) and dry (2020–2021) years, respectively. Regardless of cropping system, N fertilization increased annual EYs and ETs by 10–18% and 5–18% compared with no fertilization, respectively. Together these comparable increments in EY and ET, we found that N fertilization had rare effects on annual WUE of both systems. Overall, our study demonstrated that replacing maize with soybean in winter wheat rotations increased annual ET and neither maintained productivity nor improved water productivity. Thus, we suggest that practitioners explore other drought tolerant grain legumes to generate more reliable yields and less water consumption under legume-based crop rotations.
Carbon Storage Partnership - Sustainable Pathways to CN30 (connected to C0027628) created to enable CI to capture admin role over full project on WARP. No additional funds to UTAS. : Meat and Livestock Australia Ltd
Publication titleEuropean Journal of Agronomy
Department/SchoolTIA - Research Institute