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Prospective associations between ambulatory activity, body composition and muscle function in older adults
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 04:03 authored by David ScottDavid Scott, Christopher BlizzardChristopher Blizzard, James Fell, Graeme JonesGraeme Jones
To describe prospective associations between ambulatory activity (AA), body composition and muscle function in older adults, 697 community-dwelling participants (49% female; mean age562 7 years) were assessed for changes in body fat and leg lean mass using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, leg strength using dynamometer, and whole body muscle quality (WBMQ; an estimate of specific force) over 2.6 0.4 years. AA was negatively associated with fat mass in both sexes but baseline AA did not predict change in fat mass. Habitual AA was weakly, but significantly, negatively associated with change in total body fat (0.16 kg/step 103/day, P50.011) and trunk fat (0.12 kg/step 103/day, P50.044) in men. Habitual AA was also weakly, but significantly, positively associated with change in leg lean mass in both men and women (both Po0.05), as well as change in leg strength (1.37 kg/ step 103/day, P50.001) and WBMQ (0.03 kg/kg/ step 103/day, P50.002) in women only. Partial R2s for these associations were in the range of 1.2-3.2%. Although, these associations are modest, increases in objectively assessed physical activity may represent a target for improving body composition and muscle function in community- dwelling older adults.
Publication titleScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
Place of publication35 Norre Sogade, Po Box 2148, Copenhagen, Denmark, Dk-1016
Rights statementThe definitive published version is available online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/