University Of Tasmania

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Pseudo-optimal discharge pressure analysis of transcritical CO2 electric vehicle heat pumps due to temperature glide

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 09:08 authored by Wang, A, Cao, F, Yin, X, Jia, F, Fang, J, Xiaolin WangXiaolin Wang
Performance improvement of electric vehicle heat pumps can enhance thermal comfort and reduce the power consumption of electric vehicles, hence stimulating their development. In this paper, the cyclic characteristics of an electric vehicle heat pump were studied under different operating modes and working conditions. Different from the optimal discharge pressure of conventional CO2 systems which was determined by the variation gradient characteristics of the transcritical isotherm, the discharge pressure of electric vehicle heat pumps at the peak COP value was defined as a pseudo-optimal discharge pressure and was determined by the obvious temperature glide at the outlet of the gas cooler. This pseudo-optimal discharge pressure existed at both transcritical and subcritical states. The difference in the pseudo-optimal discharge pressure between the subcritical or transcritical states was first evaluated. Then an in-depth analysis of the influence of key parameters on the pseudo-optimal discharge pressure was studied to develop an accurate prediction method since the traditional prediction methods were not applicable. The results showed that pseudo-optimal discharge pressure increased with the ambient temperature, inlet air temperature, and supply air temperature. This study provides valuable information for the comprehensive performance optimization of an electric vehicle thermal management system.


Publication title

Applied Thermal Engineering



Article number









School of Engineering


Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

Place of publication

The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Ox5 1Gb

Rights statement

Copyright (2022) Elsevier Ltd.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Energy systems and analysis