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Psychological management of patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS): a systematic review
Methods:The review was registered in PROSPERO and based on PRISMA 2020 protocol. The systematic literature search was conducted in six databases. Quantitative studies of psychological intervention for adult men with CP/CPPS that provided outcome measures of pain, quality of life and/or psychological symptoms were reviewed. The Oxford level of evidence and Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies developed by the Effective Public Health Practice were employed.
Results: A total of 4,503 studies were reviewed; seven met the inclusion criteria. The included studies were randomised controlled trials, cohort, repeated measures, and case-series studies, with most including combined treatment for CP/CPPS. Cognitive therapy, cognitive behavioural therapy, or paradoxical relaxation training were found to be effective. However, high risks of bias were found in all included studies, limiting the generalisability and reliability of findings.
Conclusions: Evidence is preliminary but shows promise for psychological treatment either as a combined or standalone treatment for CP/CPPS. However, there is a need to develop research with a more rigorous methodology to evaluate psychological treatments for men with CP/CPPS.
Publication titleScandinavian Journal of Pain
Department/SchoolSchool of Psychological Sciences
Place of publicationGermany