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Radio Polarization from the Inner Galaxy at Arcminute Resolution

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-16, 19:49 authored by Gaensler, BM, John DickeyJohn Dickey, McClure-Griffiths, NM, Green, AJ, Wieringa, MH, Haynes, RF
The Southern Galactic Plane Survey (SGPS) is an H I and 1.4 GHz continuum survey of the fourth quadrant of the Galaxy at arcminute resolution. We present here results on linearly polarized continuum emission from an initial 28 deg2 test region for the SGPS, consisting of 190 mosaicked pointings of the Australia Telescope Compact Array and covering the range 325°.5 < l < 332°.5, -0°.5 < b < 3°.5. Complicated extended structure is seen in linear polarization throughout the test region, almost all of which has no correlation with total intensity. We interpret the brightest regions of polarized emission as representing intrinsic structure in extended polarization, most likely originating in the Crux spiral arm at a distance of 3.5 kpc; fainter polarized structure is imposed by Faraday rotation in foreground material. Two large areas in the field are devoid of polarization. We argue that these voids are produced by foreground H II regions in which the magnetic field is disordered on scales of ∼ 0.1-0.2 pc. We also identify a depolarized halo around the H II region RCW 94, which we suggest results from the interaction of the H II region with a surrounding molecular cloud.


Publication title

The Astrophysical Journal








School of Natural Sciences


University of Chicago Press

Place of publication

Chicago, USA

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  • Restricted

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Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences

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