University Of Tasmania

File(s) under permanent embargo

Rapid and sensitive microbial analysis by capillary isotachophoresis with continuous electrokinetic injection under field amplified conditions

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-17, 13:05 authored by Phung, SC, Nai, YH, Shane PowellShane Powell, Miroslav MackaMiroslav Macka, Michael BreadmoreMichael Breadmore
A highly sensitive capillary isotachophoresis method with LIF detection for microbial analysis was developed. This allowed the reliable analysis of Escherichia coli bacteria with a LOD of 14 cells in a sample volume of 100 uL, or 1.35x102 cell/mL, which is 47 times lower than reported byCE-LIF and 148 times lower thanCE-UV with on-line concentration. A leading electrolyte of 50 mM Tris-HCl was used wh le the cells were diluted in 5 mM Tris HEPES as the terminator. To facilitate detection, cells were stained with the universal nucleic acid fluorophore SYTO 9. Continuous electrokinetic injection of the cells from the terminator under field amplified conditions concentrated cells into a single peak at the leader/terminator boundary allowing quantitation by measurement of peak height. The method was applied to water collected from two local streams, with only filtration through a 5-um syringe filter to remove large particulate matter followed by a ten times dilution in terminator, with total analysis time approximately 40 min. The detected cell numbers in the water samples by the isotachophoresis method were 3.70x105 cell/mL and 2.62x104 cell/mL, which were slightly higher than the 9.50x104 cell/mL and 1.96x104 cell/mL obtained by conventional microbiological plate counting.


Publication title











School of Natural Sciences


Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

Place of publication


Rights statement

Copyright 2013 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the agricultural, food and veterinary sciences