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Reconsidering the consequences of selective fisheries
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-19, 09:15 authored by Garcia, SM, Kolding, J, Rice, J, Rochet, M-J, Zhou, S, Arimoto, T, Beyer, JE, Borges, L, Bundy, A, Dunn, D, Elizabeth FultonElizabeth Fulton, Hall, M, Heino, M, Law, R, Makino, M, Rijnsdorp, AD, Simard, F, Smith, ADM
Concern about the impact of fishing on ecosystems and fisheries production is increasing (1, 2). Strategies to reduce these impacts while addressing the growing need for food security (3) include increasing selectivity (1, 2): capturing species, sexes, and sizes in proportions that differ from their occurrence in the ecosystem. Increasing evidence suggests that more selective fishing neither maximizes production nor minimizes impacts (4–7). Balanced harvesting would more effectively mitigate adverse ecological effects of fishing while supporting sustainable fisheries. This strategy, which challenges present management paradigms, distributes a moderate mortality from fishing across the widest possible range of species, stocks, and sizes in an ecosystem, in proportion to their natural productivity (8), so that the relative size and species composition is maintained.
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
PublisherAmer Assoc Advancement Science
Place of publication1200 New York Ave, Nw, Washington, USA, Dc, 20005
Rights statementCopyright 2012 The Authors