University Of Tasmania

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Reinforcement design and stability analysis for large-span tailrace bifurcated tunnels with irregular geometry

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-17, 19:47 authored by Lin, P, Zhou, Y, Hongyuan LiuHongyuan Liu, Wang, C
The stability analysis of large-span tailrace bifurcation tunnels with complex 3D geometries and the associated challenges are presented in this paper. A new nonlinear reinforcement analysis method is firstly proposed for the design of reinforcement systems, i.e. steel-reinforced concrete lining and rock bolts, for large-span tailrace tunnel bifurcations with complex 3D geometries. The proposed method is then implemented into FLAC3D using the FISH language to calculate the reinforcement parameters and the resultant nonlinear stress distributions. After that, it is validated by comparing the concrete lining stresses and reinforcement obtained by the proposed method with the analytical solutions for the ideal case of a circular tunnel in an infinite elastic body. Finally, the new method is applied to calculate the distribution of deformations, stresses, plastic zones and design the reinforcement system for the large-span tailrace tunnel bifurcation in the Guandi Hydropower Station during the construction, operating and maintenance periods, respectively. The calculated reinforcement parameters successfully guided the construction of the tunnel. The proposed nonlinear reinforcement analysis method may also be beneficial to the design and construction of other large-span tunnel bifurcations with complicated irregular cross sections in similar hydropower projects currently ongoing in southwest China.


University of Tasmania


Publication title

Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology








School of Engineering


Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

Place of publication

The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Ox5 1Gb

Rights statement

Copyright 2013 Elsevier

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Civil construction processes