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Remarkable positive effects of figwort (Scrophularia striata) on improving growth performance, and immunohematological parameters of fish

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 08:06 authored by Hosseini, H, Pooyanmehr, M, Foroughi, A, Mohammad Esmaeili, Ghiasi, F, Lorestany, R

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of figwort on the growth and immunohematological parameters of common carp (14.20 ± 0.53 g). Four experimental diets were developed to feed fish for eight weeks: control, Figw10 (10 g/kg figwort), Figw20 (20 g/kg figwort), and Figw30 (30 g/kg figwort). The results showed that fish fed dietary Figw10 gained more weight (38.25 g) than control (P < 0.05). Regarding immunohematological parameters, fish fed dietary Figw30 had a higher level of white blood cells (31.2 103/mm3), hematocrit (35.82%), blood performance (14.63), total protein (1.96 g/dL), albumin (0.79 g/dL), globulin (1.17 g/dL), lymphocyte (70.53%), monocyte (3.03%), alternative hemolytic complement activity (ACH50) (147.76 u/mL), lysozyme (62.19 u/mL), and bactericidal activities (135.24) than the control group (P < 0.05). After 14 days of the challenge with Aeromonas hydrophila, the Figw30 treatment had the highest survival ratio (61.76%) compared to the control with 26.46%. Further, after the challenge, fish fed dietary Figw30 had a higher value of immunoglobulin M (42.00 μg/mL), antibody titer (19.23), complement component 3 (296.39 μg/mL), and complement component 4 (97.91 μg/mL) when compared with those fed control diet (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the optimum dosage for providing the best immune response was 30 g/kg in diet.


Publication title

Fish and Shellfish Immunology








Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies


Academic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd

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Aquaculture fin fish (excl. tuna)

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