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Remotely induced warming of Antarctic Bottom Water in the eastern Weddell gyre
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 17:57 authored by Couldrey, MP, Jullion, L, Garabato, AC, Rye, C, Laura Herraiz-BorregueroLaura Herraiz-Borreguero, Brown, PJ, Meredith, MP, Speer, KL
Four repeat hydrographic sections across the eastern Weddell gyre at 30ºE reveal a warming (by ~0.1°C) and lightening (by ~0.02-0.03 kg m-3) of the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) entering the gyre from the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean between the mid-1990s and late 2000s.Historical hydrographic and altimetric measurements in the region suggest that the most likely explanation for the change is increased entrainment of warmer mid-depth Circumpolar Deep Water by cascading shelf water plumes close to Cape Darnley, where the Indian-sourced AABW entering the Weddell gyre from the east is ventilated. This change in entrainment is associated with a concurrent southward shift of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current’s (ACC) southern boundary in the region. This mechanism of AABW warming may affect wherever the ACC flows close to Antarctica.
Publication titleGeophysical Research Letters
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementCopyright 2013 American Geophysical Union