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Residuals, recurrences and re-treatment after endovascular repair of intracranial aneurysms: a retrospective methodological comparison

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 06:46 authored by Jens Froelich, Nicholas CheungNicholas Cheung, de Lange, JAB, Monkhorst, J, Carr, MW, DeLeacy, R
Objective: Incomplete aneurysm occlusions and re-treatment rates of 52 and 10-30%, respectively, have been reported following endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms, raising clinical concerns regarding procedural efficacy. We compare residual, recurrence and re-treatment rates subject to different endovascular techniques in both ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms at a comprehensive state-wide tertiary neurovascular centre in Australia.

Methods: Medical records, procedural and follow-up imaging studies of all patients who underwent endovascular treatment for intracranial aneurysms between July 2010 and July 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Residuals, recurrences and re-treatment rates were assessed regarding initial aneurysm rupture status and applied endovascular technique: primary coiling, balloon- and stent-assisted coiling and flow diversion.

Results: Among 233 aneurysms, residual, recurrence and re-treatment rates were 27, 11.2 and 9.4%, respectively. Compared with unruptured aneurysms, similar residual and recurrence (p > .05), but higher re-treatment rates (4.5% vs. 19%; p < .001) were found for ruptured aneurysms. Residual, recurrence and re-treatment rates were: 13.3, 16 and 12% for primary coiling; 12, 12 and 10.7% for balloon-assisted coiling; 14.9, 7.5 and 4.5% for stent-assisted coiling; 91.9, 0 and 5.4% for flow diversion. Stent-assistance and flow-diversion were associated with lower recurrence and re-treatment rates, when compared with primary- and balloon-assisted coiling (p < .05).

Conclusions: Residuals and recurrences after endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms are less common than previously reported. Stent assistance and flow diversion seem associated with reduced recurrence- and re-treatment rates, when compared with primary- and balloon-assisted coiling. Restrained use of stents in ruptured aneurysms may be a contributing factor for higher recurrence/retreatment rates compared to unruptured aneurysms.


Publication title

Interventional Neuroradiology








Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Sage Publications Ltd.

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright The Author(s) 2019

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Treatment of human diseases and conditions

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