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152915-Sao Paulo call to action for the prevention.pdf (331.01 kB)

Sao Paulo call to action for the prevention and control of high blood pressure: 2020

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 13:07 authored by Campbell, NRC, Schutte, AE, Varghese, CV, Ordunez, P, Zhang, XH, Khan, T, James SharmanJames Sharman, Whelton, PK, Parati, G, Weber, MA, Orias, M, Jaffe, MG, Moran, AE, Plavnik, FL, Ram, VS, Brainin, M, Owolabi, MO, Ramirez, AJ, Barbosa, E, Bortolotto, LA, Lackland, DT
Objective. To describe the temporal trends of leprosy indicators among the elderly in Brazil in 2001 2018. Methods. This was an ecological time series study of new leprosy cases in the elderly reported to the Notifiable Diseases Information System. Prais Winsten generalized linear regression was used to estimate temporal variations. Results. There were 687 317 new leprosy cases in Brazil from 2001 2018, of which 129 214 (18.8%) were among elderly people. Overall detection rates in the elderly and of new cases with grade 2 disability showed a falling trend, with an annual percent change of 4.6% (95%CI = 5.1 to 4.0) and 3.9% (95%CI = 4.6 to 3.2). New case and new multibacillary case proportions showed an increasing trend, with an annual percent change of 2.9% (95%CI = 2.6 to 3.3) and 1.4% (95%CI = 1.0 to 1.7), respectively. Detection rates for new leprosy cases in elderly people in Brazil are decreasing, but the proportion of new cases and multibacillary cases are trending upwards. Conclusions. New cases are shifting to older age groups, and demographic transition and immunosenes cence are an influence. Inadequate reduction of grade 2 disability indicates a high risk of physical disability persists. Improved contact tracing and more effective action are needed in this age group.


Publication title

Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica (Print)








Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Pan American Health Organization,Organizacion Panamericana de la Salud

Place of publication

United States

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Copyright 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 IGO (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO)

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  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Evaluation of health and support services not elsewhere classified

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