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Screening for glaucomatous disc changes prior to diagnosis of glaucoma in myocilin pedigrees
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 20:03 authored by Bennett, SL, Alexander HewittAlexander Hewitt, Poulsen, JL, Kearns, LS, Morgan, JE, Jamie CraigJamie Craig, David MackeyDavid Mackey
Objective: To investigate whether structural differences of the optic nerve head are evident in young people who do not have manifest glaucoma but are known to carry myocilin mutations. Methods: A case-control design was adopted. Subjects from Australian pedigrees known to have either the Gln368STOP myocilin mutation (cutoff age, <40 years) or the Thr377Met myocilin mutation (cutoff age, <30 years) were examined for signs of glaucoma. Stereoscopic disc photographs were digitalized. Analysis of the optic disc area, optic cup area, and neuroretinal rim area was performed using digital stereoscopy with a Z-screen. Mutation analysis was conducted using direct sequencing. The t test, corrected for multiple comparison testing, was used in analysis. Results: A total of 29 myocilin mutation-carrying (case) and 33 mutation-free (control) individuals were reviewed. The meanÂ±SD ages were 19.9Â±9.0 and 22.1Â±9.5 years in the mutation and mutation-free groups, respectively (P=.35). There was no significant difference in intraocular pressure between mutation carriers and noncarriers (P=.44). There were no statistically significant differences in the mean disc, neuroretinal rim, and cup areas between the groups. The meanÂ±SD neuroretinal rim area was 1.24Â±0.24 mm 2 in the noncarrier group and 1.25Â±0.23 mm 2 in the mutation group (P=.46). No notch, nerve fiber layer defect, or neuroretinal rim hemorrhage was noted in any eye examined. Conclusions: Although confounded by penetrance and expressivity, no quantified structural difference in the optic nerve head was observed in individuals who had a myocilin mutation prior to the diagnosis of glaucoma. Â©2007 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.
Publication titleArchives of Ophthalmology
Department/SchoolTasmanian School of Medicine
PublisherAMER MEDICAL ASSOC
Place of publicationUSA