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Serum Levels of Interleukin-17 and Adiponectin Are Associated with Infrapatellar Fat Pad Volume and Signal Intensity Alternation in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis

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posted on 2023-05-18, 21:59 authored by Wang, K, Xu, J, Cai, J, Zheng, S, Han, W, Benny Eathakkattu AntonyBenny Eathakkattu Antony, Chang-Hai DingChang-Hai Ding
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we sought to generate hypotheses regarding the associations of serum levels of interleukin (IL)-17, adiponectin, and resistin with magnetic resonance imaging-measured infrapatellar fat pad (IPFP) size and signal intensity alterations in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).

METHODS: A total of 170 subjects with symptomatic knee OA (mean age 55.4 years, range 34-74, 88.2 % females) were included. IPFP volume was measured on T1-weighted spoiled gradient-recalled acquisition in the steady state images and was computed by using a software program. IPFP high signal intensity (grades 0-3) was assessed on T2-weighted fast spin echo images. Serum IL-17, adiponectin, and resistin levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

RESULTS: In multivariable analyses, serum IL-17 was negatively associated with IPFP volume (β = -0.185, 95 % CI -0.337 to -0.034) but positively associated with the severity of IPFP signal intensity alteration (OR 1.23, 95 % CI 1.06-1.42) after adjustment for age, sex, weight, and height. Serum adiponectin was positively associated with IPFP volume (β = 0.016, 95 % CI 0.001-0.032) but negatively associated with IPFP signal intensity alteration (OR 0.99, 95 % CI 0.98-1.00) after adjustment for covariates. Resistin was positively associated with IPFP signal intensity alteration (OR 1.13, 95 % CI 1.04-1.23) but not with IPFP volume. The significant associations of adiponectin or resistin disappeared after further adjustment for IL-17; in contrast, the significant associations of IL-17 remained after further adjustment for adiponectin.

CONCLUSIONS: While serum IL-17 and resistin were associated with reduced IPFP volume and/or increased abnormal signal intensity alteration, serum adiponectin had opposite associations that were largely through IL-17. These findings suggest that serum adipocytokines may have a role to play in IPFP changes of knee OA.


Publication title

Arthritis Research & Therapy



Article number









Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Biomed Central Ltd

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright the Authors. Licenced under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Clinical health not elsewhere classified

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