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Simulating pasture growth rates in Australian and New Zealand grazing systems
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 22:16 authored by Cullen, BR, Eckard, RJ, Callow, MN, Johnson, IR, Chapman, DF, Richard RawnsleyRichard Rawnsley, Garcia, SC, White, T, Snow, VO
DairyMod, EcoMod, and the SGS Pasture Model are mechanistic biophysical models developed to explore scenarios in grazing systems. The aim of this manuscript was to test the ability of the models to simulate net herbage accumulation rates of ryegrass-based pastures across a range of environments and pasture management systems in Australia and New Zealand. Measured monthly net herbage accumulation rate and accumulated yield data were collated from ten grazing system experiments at eight sites ranging from cool temperate to subtropical environments. The local climate, soil, pasture species, and management (N fertiliser, irrigation, and grazing or cutting pattern) were described in the model for each site, and net herbage accumulation rates modelled. The model adequately simulated the monthly net herbage accumulation rates across the range of environments, based on the summary statistics and observed patterns of seasonal growth, particularly when the variability in measured herbage accumulation rates was taken into account. Agreement between modelled and observed growth rates was more accurate and precise in temperate than in subtropical environments, and in winter and summer than in autumn and spring. Similarly, agreement between predicted and observed accumulated yields was more accurate than monthly net herbage accumulation. Different temperature parameters were used to describe the growth of perennial ryegrass cultivars and annual ryegrass; these differences were in line with observed growth patterns and breeding objectives. Results are discussed in the context of the difficulties in measuring pasture growth rates and model limitations. Â© CSIRO 2008.
Publication titleAustralian Journal of Agricultural Research
Department/SchoolTasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)
Place of publicationAustralia
Socio-economic ObjectivesSown pastures (excl. lucerne)