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Smart glass impacts stomatal sensitivity of greenhouse Capsicum through altered light

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 00:52 authored by Chenchen ZhaoChenchen Zhao, Chavan, S, He, X, Meixue ZhouMeixue Zhou, Cazzonelli, CI, Chen, Z-H, Tissue, DT, Ghannoum, O
Optical films that alter light transmittance may reduce energy consumption in high-tech greenhouses, but their impact on crop physiology remains unclear. We compared the stomatal responses of Capsicum plants grown hydroponically under control glass (70% diffuse light) or the smart glass (SG) film ULR-80, which blocked >50% of short-wave radiation and ~9% of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). SG had no significant effects on steady-state (gs) or maximal (gmax) stomatal conductance. In contrast, SG reduced stomatal pore size and sensitivity to exogenous abscisic acid (ABA), thereby increasing rates of leaf water loss, guard cell K+ and Cl efflux, and Ca2+ influx. SG induced faster stomatal closing and opening rates on transition between low (100 µmol m–2 s–1) and high PAR (1500 µmol m–2 s–1), which compromised water use efficiency relative to control plants. The fraction of blue light (0% or 10%) did not affect gs in either treatment. Increased expression of stomatal closure and photoreceptor genes in epidermal peels of SG plants is consistent with fast stomatal responses to light changes. In conclusion, stomatal responses of Capsicum to SG were more affected by changes in light intensity than spectral quality, and re-engineering of the SG should maximize PAR transmission, and hence CO2 assimilation.

History

Publication title

Journal of Experimental Botany

Volume

72

Issue

8

Pagination

3235-3248

ISSN

0022-0957

Department/School

Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)

Publisher

Oxford Univ Press

Place of publication

Great Clarendon St, Oxford, England, Ox2 6Dp

Rights statement

Copyright 2021 the Authors

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Barley