File(s) under permanent embargo
South Africa's Export Trade in Asbestos: Demise of an Industry
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 03:41 authored by Harington, JS, McGlashan, ND, Chelkowska, EZ
Background South Africa's export of each of its three types of asbestos, crocidolite, amosite, and chrysotile, and the total amounts to 84 countries in metric tonnes is examined over a 24-year period, 1980–2003. Methods For convenience, the countries are divided into nine world regional groups, Europe, Eastern Europe, North America with the Caribbean, South America, Africa, Middle East, Far East, South Asia, and Oceania. Results The three greatest importing countries of total asbestos in metric tonnes were all in the Far East region, ranging from Japan, South Korea to Thailand, and followed by USA and Italy. All exports to all countries diminished steadily as the South African trade came virtually to an end by 2003, due to ever increasing international pressure. Conclusion The export trade has changed significantly since 1960 from being dominantly to European countries to being directed in recent years to the Far East, with serious implications for asbestos-related ill-health in those countries. Am. J. Ind. Med. 53:524–534, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Publication titleAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Department/SchoolSchool of Geography, Planning and Spatial Sciences
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementThe definitive published version is available online at: http://interscience.wiley.com