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Success in achieving the targets of the 20-year infancy-onset dietary intervention: association with insulin sensitivity and serum lipids
Research Design and Methods: The sample comprised 941 children participating in the prospective, randomized Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP). Dietary counseling was given biannually based on the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations with the main aim to improve the quality of dietary fat in children's diets and the secondary aim to promote intake of vegetables, fruits, and whole-grain products. Food records and serum lipid profile were studied annually from 1 to 20 years of age, and HOMA of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was assessed between 7 and 20 years of age. Meeting the intervention targets for quality of dietary fat was defined as the ratio of saturated fatty acids (SAFA) to monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids (MUFA + PUFA) <1:2 and intake of SAFA <10% of total energy intake (E%). Meeting the target for intake of whole-grain products, fruits, and vegetables was indicated by a fiber intake ≥3 g/MJ.
Results: Participants in the intervention group had a higher probability of meeting the targets of SAFA/(PUFA + MUFA) <1:2 (risk ratio [RR] 3.91 [95% CI 3.33-4.61]), intake of SAFA <10 E% (RR 3.33 [95% CI 2.99-3.96]), and intake of fiber >3 g/MJ (RR 1.37 [95% CI 1.04-1.80]). Participants who achieved more targets had lower HOMA-IR, lower concentrations of fasting serum glucose, insulin, LDL cholesterol, and non-HDL cholesterol, and a lower ratio of apolipoprotein (Apo) B/ApoA1 (P values all ≤0.003).
Conclusions: Achieving the key targets of an infancy-onset 20-year dietary intervention was associated with better insulin sensitivity and serum lipid profile throughout the early life course.
Publication titleDiabetes Care
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherAmer Diabetes Assoc
Place of publication1701 N Beauregard St, Alexandria, USA, Va, 22311-1717
Rights statementCopyright 2018 by the American Diabetes Association