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Synthesis and structural studies of phenyl(iodo)- and methyl(phenyl)palladium(II) complexes of bidentate nitrogen donor ligands

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-25, 23:43 authored by Markies, BA, Canty, AJ, de Graaf, W, Boersma, J, Janssen, MD, Hogerheide, MP, Smeets, WJJ, Spek, AL, van Koten, G
Phenylpalladium(II) complexes of the type PdIPh(N-N), with N-N = N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (tmeda) or 2,2'-bipyridyl (bpy), can be conveniently prepared in 70-95% yield by oxidative addition of iodobenxene to bis(dibenzylideneacetone)palladium(0) in the presence of the appropriate nitrogen donor ligand. The bromo analogues were obtained in only 5-12% yield in this way. The complex PdIPh(tmeda) (la) reacts readily with MeLi to give PdMePh(tmeda) (3) in 88% yield, whereas PdIPh(bpy) (la) gives PdMePh(bpy) (4) and PdMe2(bpy) in varying ratios. The formation of PdMe2(bpy) was found to result from the synergistic action of lithium iodide and methyllithium. Pure PdMePh(bpy) (4) was obtained in 82% yield via ligand-exchange from PdMePh(tmeda) (3). The crystal structures of PdIPh(N-N) (la, 2a) and PdMePh(N-N) (3, 4) complexes were determined by X-ray diffraction studies. The results show that the phenyl group is always oriented perpendicular to the coordination plane around palladium, with the largest deviation found for 3 (14.3(2)). The Pd-N bond distances in the tmeda complexes (2.127(6)-2.210(3) A) are larger than those in the bpy-coordinated complexes (2.870(8)-2.144(8) A). Similarly, the Pd-C(Me) bond distances (2.5703(8) and 2.575(l) A) are larger than the Pd-C(Ph) bond distances (1.985(3)-1.996(lO) A).


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Journal of Organometallic Chemistry



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