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Tan spot of pyrethrum is caused by a Didymella species complex

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 20:35 authored by Tamieka PearceTamieka Pearce, Jason ScottJason Scott, Crous, PW, Pethybridge, SJ, Hay, FS
Tan spot is a disease of pyrethrum (Tanacetum cinerariifolium) in Australia. Recent increases in the severity and incidence of the disease have prompted a re-evaluation of the pathogen, originally described as Microsphaeropsis tanaceti, including its phylogenetic relationships and morphology. Nucleotide comparison of partial sequences of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer, β-tubulin, large subunit 28S nrDNA (LSU), actin and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase loci identified two distinct haplotypes within the species. Haplotype differentiation was consistent for each locus, except for the LSU, within which sequences were identical across all isolates. Morphological variation, especially culture pigmentation and conidial size, consistently supported the phylogenetic data distinguishing two haplotypes. Phylogenetic comparisons of M. tanaceti incorporating 98 Didymellaceae species did not associate the M. tanaceti haplotypes with the genus Microsphaeropsis. The two M. tanaceti haplotypes were closely related, and clustered in the Didymella sensu stricto clade. Based on these phylogenetic results, supported by their distinct morphology and cultural characteristics, the two haplotypes of M. tanaceti are reclassified as two species of Didymella, namely D. rosea and D. tanaceti. The implications of two closely related species causing tan spot of pyrethrum are discussed.

History

Publication title

Plant Pathology

Volume

65

Issue

7

Pagination

1170-1184

ISSN

0032-0862

Department/School

Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright 2015 British Society for Plant Pathology

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Plant extract crops

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