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155983 - Tectonic and metallogenic implications.pdf (4.75 MB)

Tectonic and metallogenic implications of W-Sn related granitoid rocks in the Kawthaung-Bankachon area, southernmost part of Myanmar: Constraints from petrology, geochemistry, and U-Pb zircon geochronology

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 17:12 authored by Mar Oo, Z, Khin ZawKhin Zaw, Ivan BelousovIvan Belousov, Putthapiban, P, Charles MakoundiCharles Makoundi
Granitoid rocks are widely distributed along the N-S trending tectonic belts encompassing Myanmar, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, and Indonesia and these granitoid rocks are host to the world's largest deposits of tin-tungsten, in terms of both production and reserves. The investigated study area belongs to the southernmost part of the Central Cretaceous-Eocene granitoid belt of SE Asia in the border region of Myanmar and Thailand within the Sibumasu or Shan-Thai Terrane. The granitoid units in the area are biotite granite, muscovite-biotite granite, porphyritic biotite granite, and diorite which occur locally as dykes. All granitic rocks in the area are recognized in the High-K calc-alkaline series and show a high abundance of Cs, Rb, U, Th, K, Pb, Nd, Zr, and Sn. Based on the major oxide composition and tectonic discrimination diagram, all granitoid rocks in the area fall in the peraluminous, S-type granite category and within the Post-Orogenic Granite and Post-Collisional Granite fields. Radiometric dating by LA ICP-MS U-Pb zircon method yielded the ages of 78.97 ± 0.63 Ma (biotite granite), 79.59 ± 0.76 Ma (muscovite-biotite granite), and 79.14 ± 0.91 Ma (porphyritic biotite granite) and 49.48 ± 0.83 Ma for the biotite granite from the Yadanabon W-Sn deposit. According to the zircon U-Pb ages, the timing of the granitoid intrusions of the Kawthaung-Bankachon area is the Campanian (Late Cretaceous) to Eocene. The magmatism and W-Sn mineralization in the area is attributable to the Indian Ocean subduction and collision between the west Myanmar Terrane and the Sibumasu Terrane.


Publication title

Geosystems and Geoenvironment



Article number









School of Natural Sciences


Elsevier Ltd

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Ocean University of China. This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license,

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  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Other education and training not elsewhere classified; Mining and extraction of energy resources not elsewhere classified; Mineral exploration not elsewhere classified