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Textures and trace element composition of pyrite from the Bukit Botol volcanic-hosted massive sulphide deposit, Peninsular Malaysia

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 12:19 authored by Basori, MBI, Gilbert, S, Ross LargeRoss Large, Khin ZawKhin Zaw
The Bukit Botol volcanic-hosted massive sulphide (VHMS) deposit is located in the Central Belt of Peninsular Malaysia. The deposit occurs in a package of Permian-aged coherent felsic volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks which have a geochemical signature indicative of a volcanic arc tectonic setting. Mineralisation shows distinct ore zonation, forming a stringer to massive sulphide zone at the footwall followed by barite lenses and exhalite layers (Fe-Mn ore) at the top. Mineralogy is characterised by pyrite as the major sulphide mineral, with minor chalcopyrite, sphalerite, and rare galena; traces of gold, silver- and tin-bearing minerals also occur in the massive sulphide and barite ores. Laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA−ICP−MS) analysis combined with the textural characteristics of pyrite provides evidence for significant variations of trace elements in different pyrite types at Bukit Botol, having three types of pyrite in the paragenetic sequence. The concentrations of As, Se, Te, Cu, Zn and Pb decrease from the early pyrite 1 to the late stage pyrite 3, and the Co/Ni ratios vary for the three pyrite types. The combined textural and compositional data of pyrite suggest that the hydrothermal fluid responsible for mineralisation evolved from an early, high temperature, reduced, low pH and desulphurized fluid to more S-rich, oxidized, high pH and cooler fluid. Available sulphur isotope data from the Bukit Botol deposit point to reduced seawater, along with a possible magmatic contribution, as the most probable sources for the ore-forming fluids.


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Journal of Asian Earth Sciences








School of Natural Sciences


Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

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