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The Anzacs: military influences on Australian identity
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 17:22 authored by Jed DonoghueJed Donoghue, Bruce TranterBruce Tranter
The traditions associated with the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps soldiers – the Anzacs – comprise an important element of the Australian narrative. Although Australian and New Zealand soldiers did not officially become ‘Anzacs’ until they joined forces on the Western Front, the Anzacs are associated with the trauma of the Gallipoli campaign. Anzacs ‘live on’ in contemporary Australian culture, celebrated as national heroes by artists, politicians and writers. The Anzacs’ place in Australian history is enshrined through annual Anzac Day commemorations that legitimize idealized, heroic aspects of Australian identity. Drawing upon national survey data we show that Anzacs still have a strong influence on how Australians see themselves. Attitudes toward Anzacs vary only marginally according to social and political background, although they are most salient for middle-aged, less educated, Australian-born citizens, who are proud of their defence forces and exhibit a close attachment to Australia as a nation.
Publication titleJournal of Sociology
Department/SchoolSchool of Social Sciences
PublisherSage Publications Ltd.
Place of publicationUK
Rights statementCopyright 2013 The Authors