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The Micro-arcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) Survey. II. The first four epochs

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posted on 2023-05-16, 22:30 authored by James LovellJames Lovell, Rickett, BJ, Macquart, JP, Jauncey, DL, Bignall, HE, Kedziora-Chudczer, L, Ojha, R, Pursimo, T, Dutka, M, Senkbeil, CE, Stanislav ShabalaStanislav Shabala
We report on the variability of 443 flat-spectrum, compact radio sources monitored using the VLA for 3 days in four epochs at ̃4 month intervals at 5 GHz as part of the Micro-Arcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) survey. Over half of these sources exhibited 2%-10% rms variations on timescales over 2 days. We analyzed the variations by two independent methods and find that the rms variability amplitudes of the sources correlate with the emission measure in the ionized interstellar medium along their respective lines of sight. We thus link the variations with interstellar scintillation of components of these sources, with some (unknown) fraction of the total flux density contained within a compact region of angular diameter in the range 10-50 μas. We also find that the variations decrease for high mean flux density sources and, most importantly, for high-redshift sources. The decrease in variability is probably due either to an increase in the apparent diameter of the source or to a decrease in the flux density of the compact fraction beyond z ̃2. Here we present a statistical analysis of these results, and a future paper will discuss the cosmological implications in detail. © 2008. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

History

Publication title

The Astrophysical Journal

Volume

689

Pagination

108-126

ISSN

0004-637X

Department/School

School of Natural Sciences

Publisher

University of Chicago Press

Place of publication

Chicago, USA

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences

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