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The burning issue of white phosphorus: a case report and review of the literature

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-22, 03:12 authored by Aviv, U, Rachel KornhaberRachel Kornhaber, Harats, M, Haik, J

Background: Burns from white phosphorus are rare and remain a challenge for clinicians. White phosphorus burns are often associated with smaller surface areas and high morbidity rates. Classed as a chemical burn, white phosphorus is used for military purposes and within industry, for the manufacture of freworks and agricultural products.

Case presentation: In this report, we discuss the case of a 40 years old female who sustained 2% Total Body Surface Area partial to full thickness burns from white phosphorus. The burns were treated conservatively with mafenide acetate on the medial calf and dorsum of foot and Flaminal Forte was used for the palmar region. The patient was discharged 22 days after admission and followed up in the outpatient clinic. Despite the use of pressure garments, hypertrophic scarring began to develop on the dorsum of her right foot.

Conclusions: During peacetime, white phosphorus possess a signifcant danger to civilians. Awareness of the unique nature of white phosphorus among military burn clinicians should be emphasized.

History

Publication title

Disaster and Military Medicine

Article number

6

Number

6

Pagination

1-5

ISSN

2054-314X

Department/School

School of Nursing

Publisher

BioMed Central

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Injury prevention and control