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The current global state of movement and physical activity - the health and economic costs of the inactive phenotype
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-20, 19:33 authored by Sisitha JayasingheSisitha Jayasinghe, Nuala ByrneNuala Byrne, Kira PattersonKira Patterson, Kiran AhujaKiran Ahuja, Andrew HillsAndrew Hills
Physical inactivity is one of the major contributing factors to the global pandemic of non-communicable diseases. Unfortunately, low levels of habitual movement and physical activity (PA) are seen in an increasing proportion of populations across low- and middle-income countries and high-income countries alike. This new normal - the inactive phenotype - is a significant contributor to multiple health and economic costs. Here we provide a brief historical overview of societal declines in PA, roughly consistent with major transitions in PA and nutrition in recent decades. This is followed by a synthesis of research evidence linking inactivity with poor health outcomes and prevention approaches needed to impact a perpetuation of poor lifestyle behaviors. A major focus of the paper is on the economic/health costs and the reduction of the inactive phenotype. In summary, we demonstrate that the consequences of insufficient PA are manifold, and if sustained, impact short and long-term health and quality of life, along with substantial economic costs.
Publication titleProgress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Department/SchoolSchool of Health Sciences
PublisherW B Saunders Co
Place of publicationIndependence Square West Curtis Center, Ste 300, Philadelphia, USA, Pa, 19106-3399
Rights statementCopyright 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.