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The discerning eye of computer vision: can it measure Parkinson's finger tap bradykinesia?
Methods: Standard smartphone video recordings of 133 hands performing finger tapping (39 idiopathic Parkinson's patients and 30 controls) were tracked on a frame-by-frame basis with DeepLabCut. Objective computer measures of tapping speed, amplitude and rhythm were correlated with clinical ratings made by 22 movement disorder neurologists using the Modified Bradykinesia Rating Scale (MBRS) and Movement Disorder Society revision of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS).
Results: DeepLabCut reliably tracked and measured finger tapping in standard smartphone video. Computer measures correlated well with clinical ratings of bradykinesia (Spearman coefficients): -0.74 speed, 0.66 amplitude, -0.65 rhythm for MBRS; -0.56 speed, 0.61 amplitude, -0.50 rhythm for MDS-UPDRS; -0.69 combined for MDS-UPDRS. All p < .001.
Conclusion: New computer vision software, DeepLabCut, can quantify three measures related to Parkinson's bradykinesia from smartphone videos of finger tapping. Objective 'contactless' measures of standard clinical examinations were not previously possible with wearable sensors (accelerometers, gyroscopes, infrared markers). DeepLabCut requires only conventional video recording of clinical examination and is entirely 'contactless'. This next generation technology holds potential for Parkinson's and other neurological disorders with altered movements.
Publication titleJournal of The Neurological Sciences
Department/SchoolWicking Dementia Research Education Centre
PublisherElsevier Science Bv
Place of publicationPo Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1000 Ae
Rights statementCopyright 2020 Elsevier B.V.