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The effect of β-glucan administration on macrophage respiratory burst activity and Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., challenged with amoebic gill disease - evidence of inherent resistance
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 16:28 authored by Andrew BridleAndrew Bridle, Christopher CarterChristopher Carter, Morrison, RN, Barbara NowakBarbara Nowak
Previous studies have demonstrated that Î²-glucans stimulate Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., head kidney macrophages both in vitro and in vivo and increase protection against various pathogens. Based on our previous work that showed potent immunostimulatory CpG motif-containing oligodeoxynucleotides increased resistance to amoebic gill disease (AGD), the present study investigated the immunostimulatory effects of three commercial Î²-glucan-containing feeds and their ability to increase resistance to AGD. All three commercial Î²-glucans were able to stimulate the respiratory burst activity of Atlantic salmon head kidney macrophages in vitro, albeit at different times and concentrations. However, dietary incorporation of the Î²-glucans was unable to stimulate the in vivo respiratory burst activity of head kidney macrophages, or serum lysozyme production, and did not increase resistance against AGD. However, this trial showed for the first rime that a small subpopulation of Atlantic salmon subjected to a severe AGD infection was able to resist becoming heavily infected and furthermore survive the challenge. Â© 2005 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Publication titleJournal of Fish Diseases
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom