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The effect of intradialytic range of motion exercise on dialysis adequacy and fatigue in hemodialysis patients

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posted on 2023-05-21, 09:01 authored by Malini, H, Forwaty, E, Cleary, M, Denis VisentinDenis Visentin, Oktarina, E, Lenggogeni, DP

Background: Many hemodialysis patients experience fatigue as a result of not achieving dialysis adequacy.

Purpose: This study was designed to determine the effect of intradialytic range-of-motion exercises on dialysis adequacy and fatigue in patients undergoing hemodialysis.

Methods: In this two-arm experimental study with repeated measures, participants were allocated to treatment (n = 25, 23 completed) and control (n = 25, 24 completed) groups using computerized simple random sampling. Participants in the treatment group performed 30-minute weekly intradialytic exercise sessions in addition to receiving standard care, whereas those in the control group received standard care only.

Results: Fatigue and dialysis characteristics were reported at baseline, at the midpoint (end of Week 4), and at the end of Week 8. Whereas mean Kt/V (dialysis adequacy) and urea reduction ratio increased and the fatigue level decreased in the treatment group, these variables did not change in the control group. Significant mean differences in Kt/V, urea reduction ratio, and fatigue between the groups were observed at the end of Week 8.

Conclusions: Intradialytic range-of-motion exercises are recommended for patients undergoing hemodialysis to increase dialysis adequacy and reduce fatigue.


Publication title

Journal of Nursing Research










School of Health Sciences


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. This is an open access article distributed under theCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Allied health therapies (excl. mental health services)

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