University Of Tasmania

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The effects of temperature on the photosynthetic parameters and recovery of two temperate benthic microalgae, Amphora cf coffeaeformis and Cocconeis cf sublittoralis (Bacillariophyceae)

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-26, 07:48 authored by Salleh, S, Andrew McMinnAndrew McMinn
Temperature and irradiance are the most important factors affecting marine benthic microalgal photosynthetic rates in temperate intertidal areas. Two temperate benthic diatoms species, Amphora cf. coffeaeformis (C. Agardh) Kutz. and Cocconeis cf. sublittoralis Hendey, were investigated to determine how their photosynthesis responded to temperatures ranging from 5C to 50C after short-term exposure (1 h) to a range of irradiance levels (0, 500, and 1,100 ¬¨¬µmol photons m-2 s-1). Significant differences were observed between the temperature responses of maximum relative electron transport rate (rETRmax), photoacclimation index (Ek), photosyntheticefficiency (a), and effective quantum yield (DF ‚ÄövÖvë Fm') in both species. A. coffeaeformis had a greater tolerance to higher temperatures than C. sublittoralis, with nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) activated at temperatures of 458C and 508C. C. sublittoralis, however, demonstrated a more rapid rate of recovery at ambient temperatures. Temperatures between 108C and 208C were determined to be optimal for photosynthesis for both species. High temperatures and irradiances caused a greater decrease in DF ‚ÄövÖvë Fm' values. These results suggest that the effects of temperature are species specific and that short-term exposure to adverse temperature slows the recovery process, which subsequently leads to photoinhibition.


Publication title

Journal of Phycology







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Copyright Copyright The Phycological Society of America (PSA)

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