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The inhibition effect of bank credits on PM2.5 concentrations: Spatial evidence from high-polluting firms in China

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 08:53 authored by Yang, Fan, Xu, Q, Li, K, Yuen, KF, Wenming ShiWenming Shi
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) pollution in China has been a primary concern for public health in recent years, which requires banks to appropriately control their credit supply to industries with high pollution, high energy consumption, and surplus capacity. For this reason, this paper examines economic determinants of PM2.5 concentrations and incorporates the spatial spillover effect of bank credit by employing the spatial Durbin model (SDM) under the stochastic impacts by regression on population, affluence and technology framework. Using China's provincial dataset from 1998 to 2016, the main findings are as follows: First, there is evidence in support of spatial dependence of PM2.5 concentrations and their inverted U-shaped relationship with economic growth in China. Second, PM2.5 concentrations in a province tend to increase as the level of its own urbanization increases, but they decrease as its own human capital and bank credit increase. Meanwhile, the level of neighboring urbanization positively influences a province's PM2.5 concentrations, whereas neighboring population size, industrialization, trade openness, and bank credit present negative impacts. Third, indirect effects of the SDM indicate significant and negative spatial spillover effect of bank credit on PM2.5 concentrations. These findings implicate policies on reforming economic growth, urbanization, human capital and bank credit to tackle PM2.5 pollution in China from a cross-provincial collaboration perspective.


Publication title

Environmental Pollution



Article number









Australian Maritime College


Elsevier Ltd

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright 2022 Elsevier Ltd.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

International sea freight transport (excl. live animals, food products and liquefied gas)