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The interaction between weight and family history of total knee replacement with knee cartilage: a 10-year prospective study
RESULTS: Study participants were middle-age adults (mean age 45 years, mean weight 77.5 kg at baseline). In multivariable analysis, increasing body weight was deleteriously associated with medial tibiofemoral cartilage volume (β = -0.28 ml, per 1 SD increase, 95% CI -0.49 to -0.07) and presence of medial tibiofemoral cartilage defects (RR = 1.27, per 1 SD increase, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.51) in offspring over 10 years. Similar associations were observed for lateral tibiofemoral cartilage volume (β = -0.19 ml, P = 0.059), and defects (RR = 1.24, P = 0.049). However, there were no statistically significant associations between weight and cartilage volume or defects in controls.
CONCLUSION: The adverse effects of increasing weight are stronger in the offspring of people with knee replacement for knee OA suggesting genetics-environment interaction with regard to overweight/obesity in the pathogenesis of knee OA particularly in the early stages.
Publication titleOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
Place of publicationUnited Kingdom
Rights statementCopyright 2016 Osteoarthritis Research Society International