University Of Tasmania

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The super wicked problem of ocean health: a socio-ecological and behavioural perspective

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 07:41 authored by Kristy de SalasKristy de Salas, Jennifer ScottJennifer Scott, Schuz, B, Kimberley NorrisKimberley Norris
We are dependent on our oceans for economic, health and social benefits; however, demands on our oceans are escalating, and the state of the oceans is deteriorating. Only 2% of countries are on track to achieve the desired outcomes for the sustainable development goal (SDG 14) for the oceans by 2030, and the changes needed to prevent further degradation, or limit the impact of existing degradation, are not being undertaken fast enough. This paper uses a socio-ecological lens to explore the nature of actors and behaviours for change at the local, community, state, national and international levels, and introduces the need for technology, information- and knowledge-sharing, and policy as interconnected mediators, that work both in concert, and independently, to address the ‘super wicked’ problem of ocean health and to promote resilience. We recommend the need to develop transformational teams and leaders, as well as transformative policies within a holistic and integrated system to ensure ocean health initiatives are greater than the sum of their parts and are actual, realistic, achievable and evidence-informed pathways to change.


Publication title

Philosophical Transactions B.










School of Information and Communication Technology


The Royal Society Publishing

Place of publication

6 Carlton House Terrace, London, England, Sw1Y 5Ag

Rights statement

© 2022 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Environmental policy, legislation and standards not elsewhere classified; Behaviour and health; Human-computer interaction