University of Tasmania
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The threat of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to organic agriculture: A case study update

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 02:46 authored by Paull, J
This paper examines the threat posed by genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to organic certification. In the case of Marsh v Baxter an organic farm in Western Australia is contaminated by GMO material including seeds and seed pods blown from a neighbouring farm and the organic certification is lost. This paper presents a five-year chronology of events and the processes, outcomes and costs of seeking legal redress, of proving negligence and/or nuisance, and of seeking damages and an injunction to constrain the GMO farmer. Damages are agreed at A$85,000 (€60,000) while legal costs are in the region of A$2,000,000 (€1,400,000) to date.


Publication title

Agriculture & Food






School of Geography, Planning and Spatial Sciences


International Scientific Publications, Info Invest Ltd.

Place of publication


Rights statement

© 2017 The Author. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in human society