University Of Tasmania
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Traffic light report provides a new technique for assurance of learning

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 18:35 authored by Rose NashRose Nash, Stupans, I, Leanne ChalmersLeanne Chalmers, Natalie BrownNatalie Brown
The Traffic Light Report (TLR) project is an educational intervention designed for pharmacy undergraduates. This paper reports on analysis of TLR data specifically focusing on its potential as an innovative tool which combines Miller’s pyramid, technology and student voice to examine a curriculum for Assurance of Learning (AoL). In 2014, educators mapped each summative assessment to the relevant National Competency Standards Framework for Pharmacists in Australia (NCS) alongside levels of expected performance on Miller’s pyramid of clinical competence (Knows, Knows how, Shows how, Does). Simultaneously, students were invited to self-reflect using the same performance levels. The Miller’s scale enabled a comparison between students’ and their educators’ understanding of the performance level demanded by assessments. Analysis highlighted a disconnect between students’ and their educators’ interpretations of the same assessed curriculum. The TLR facilitates quality enhancement by providing educators and their students with a logical meeting point for discussing foundation, scaffolding and integration of assessment across a course for AoL. This has portability to other professional disciplines.


Publication title

Journal of Learning Design








School of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Queensland University of Technology

Place of publication


Rights statement

Copyright 2016 Rose Nash, Ieva Stupans, Leanne Chalmers, and Natalie Brown. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Assessment, development and evaluation of curriculum