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Transport efficiency through uniformity: organization of veins and stomata in angiosperm leaves

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 14:59 authored by Fiorin, L, Timothy BrodribbTimothy Brodribb, Anfodillo, T
  • Leaves of vascular plants use specific tissues to irrigate the lamina (veins) and to regulate water loss (stomata), to approach homeostasis in leaf hydration during photosynthesis. As both tissues come with attendant costs, it would be expected that the synthesis and spacing of leaf veins and stomata should be coordinated in a way that maximizes benefit to the plant.
  • We propose an innovative geoprocessing method based on image editing and a geographic information system to study the quantitative relationships between vein and stomatal spatial patterns on leaves collected from 31 angiosperm species from different biomes.
  • The number of stomata within each areole was linearly related to the length of the looping vein contour. As a consequence of the presence of free-ending veinlets, the minimum mean distance of stomata from the nearest veins was invariant with areole size in most of the species, and species with smaller distances carried a higher density of stomata.
  • Uniformity of spatial patterning was consistent within leaves and species. Our results demonstrate the existence of an optimal spatial organization of veins and stomata, and suggest their interplay as a key feature for achieving a constant mesophyll hydraulic resistance throughout the leaf.
  • Funding

    Australian Research Council


    Publication title

    New Phytologist








    School of Natural Sciences


    Blackwell Publishing Ltd

    Place of publication

    9600 Garsington Rd, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox4 2Dg

    Rights statement

    ?Copyright 2015 The Authors. New Phytologist Copyright 2015 New Phytologist Trust

    Repository Status

    • Restricted

    Socio-economic Objectives

    Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences

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      University Of Tasmania