University Of Tasmania
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University students’ perceived effort and learning in face-to-face and online classes

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 17:11 authored by Nenagh KempNenagh Kemp
For many students today, ‘going to uni’ requires attending classes, but also juggling work and family commitments. In response to these changing needs, and the increasing importance of digital interaction, most universities now offer blended learning, supplementing face-toface classes with online learning. The present study examined student perceptions of what they put into, and gain from, blended classes. Thirdyear psychology undergraduates (n = 130) at an Australian university rated their experience of tutor-directed, face-to-face practical classes, and self-directed, online practical classes, in the one academic unit. In quantitative terms, students reported that they invested similar amounts of effort into the two class modalities, but learned slightly more from face-to-face than online classes. In qualitative terms, students gave contrasting reasons for their perceived learning in the two modalities. They appreciated the classroom experience for the chance to ask questions and revise content, and the online experience for its need for independent thought, although they also missed personal discussion. Responses also showed that different students experienced the two modalities in quite different ways. Judiciously combining in-class and online learning activities, with student choice where possible, seems a relatively efficient way to help enhance the university experience of today’s busy students.


Publication title

Journal of Applied Learning and Teaching






School of Psychological Sciences


Kaplan Higher Education Academy

Place of publication


Rights statement

Copyright: © 2020 Nenagh Kemp. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Learner and learning not elsewhere classified; Pedagogy

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