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Usability of Augmented Reality Technology in Situational Telementorship for Managing Clinical Scenarios: Quasi-Experimental Study

journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-20, 01:44 authored by Dung T Bui, Tony Barnett, Ha Hoang, Winyu ChinthammitWinyu Chinthammit
BACKGROUND: Telementorship provides a way to maintain the professional skills of isolated rural health care workers. The incorporation of augmented reality (AR) technology into telementoring systems could be used to mentor health care professionals remotely under different clinical situations. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the usability of AR technology in telementorship for managing clinical scenarios in a simulation laboratory. METHODS: This study used a quasi-experimental design. Experienced health professionals and novice health practitioners were recruited for the roles of mentors and mentees, respectively, and then trained in the use of the AR setup. In the experiment, each mentee wearing an AR headset was asked to respond to 4 different clinical scenarios: acute coronary syndrome (ACS), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), pneumonia severe reaction to antibiotics (PSRA), and hypoglycemic emergency (HE). Their mentor used a laptop to provide remote guidance, following the treatment protocols developed for each scenario. Rating scales were used to measure the AR's usability, mentorship effectiveness, and mentees' self-confidence and skill performance. RESULTS: A total of 4 mentors and 15 mentees participated in this study. Mentors and mentees were positive about using the AR technology, despite some technical issues and the time required to become familiar with the technology. The positive experience of telementorship was highlighted (mean 4.8, SD 0.414 for mentees and mean of 4.25, SD 0.5 for mentors on the 5-point Likert scale). Mentees' confidence in managing each of the 4 scenarios improved after telementoring (P=.001 for the ACS, AMI, and PSRA scenarios and P=.002 for the HE scenario). Mentees' individual skill performance rates ranged from 98% in the ACS scenario to 97% in the AMI, PSRA, and HE scenarios. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence about the usability of AR technology in telementorship for managing clinical scenarios. The findings suggest the potential for this technology to be used to support health workers in real-world clinical environments and point to new directions of research.



  • Article

Publication title

JMIR Medical Education












Information and Communication Technology, UTAS Centre for Rural Health



Publication status

  • Published

Place of publication


Event Venue

Centre for Rural Health, School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Australia.

Rights statement

Dung T Bui, Tony Barnett, Ha Hoang, Winyu Chinthammit. Originally published in JMIR Medical Education (, 02.10.2023. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work, first published in JMIR Medical Education, is properly cited.