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Use of near infrared spectroscopy and multivariate analysis to predict the wood density of Douglas-fir from chain saw chips
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 19:51 authored by Acuna, MA, Murphy, G
In many parts of the world, log markets are becoming increasingly competitive and complex. Wood properties, such as stiffness, density, spiral grain, and extractives content, are now being considered by log buyers. Real-time assessment of these properties will be a challenge for log supply managers. The utility of near infrared (NIR) technology for predicting wood density in Douglas-fir stems was examined. Wood disks were collected from 17 sites around Oregon. Each disk was cut with a chain saw, of similar gauge to that used on mechanized harvesters/processors, to provide saw chips. NIR spectra were then obtained for the chip samples. Multivariate techniques were used to correlate wood properties with the NIR spectra. Preliminary research results showed that NIR could be used to predict density. Coefficients of determination ranged between 0.89 and 0.95 for calibration models and between 0.56 and 0.85 for validation models. These results indicate that NIR technology could be used by mechanized harvesting equipment for log segregation based on wood density. Â© Forest Products Society 2006.
Publication titleForest Products Journal
Department/SchoolSchool of Architecture and Design
PublisherForest Products Society
Place of publicationMadison