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Use of traditional medicines among pharmacists in Nigeria

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 05:35 authored by Wada, AS, Jatau, AI, Bala, AA, Haruna, A, Isa, AM, Safiyya, AS, Sha'aban, A

Background: Traditional Medicine (TM) use is growing and emerging as an issue of public healthcare importance. Recently, there are increasing interest and trends of TM use among health care professionals (HCP). However, information regarding TM use among pharmacists in Nigeria is limited. This study investigates the use of TM among pharmacists in Nigeria.

Materials and methods: This study was a cross sectional study in the form of an online survey (Google Surveys). Eligible participants were pharmacists currently practicing in Nigeria. The closed-ended questionnaire was developed and validated prior to the data collection. The hyperlink to the online survey questionnaire was shared with the eligible pharmacists via social media groups belonging to pharmacists’ professional associations.

Results: A total of 262 of completed responses were received. Among the respondents, 53.2% had over 5 years of pharmacy practice experience and 48% were practicing in hospitals. 225 respondents (85.9%) have ever used TM at least once in their lifetime, while 21.3% were currently using TM at the time of the data collection. Those that used TM in the last 12 months were 47.0%, while those that used it within the last week, one month and six months were 15.4%, 10.5% and. 12.8% respectively. Herbal medicine was the most frequently used TM among the respondents (94.2%). The most common reason for using TM was for the maintenance of general well-being (38.2%). Among the TM users, 17.3% have reported experiencing an ADE-related to the TM use. Among the respondents, 44.7% felt TM is safe for use while 35.5% indicated that they will recommend TM to their patients.

Conclusion: TM is commonly used by a pharmacist in Nigeria particularly among those practicing in the community and hospital. This signifies an increasing acceptance of TM among healthcare professionals and a call for more education and training on TM for effective pharmaceutical care delivery.


Publication title

Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice








School of Pharmacy and Pharmacology


Churchill Livingstone

Place of publication

United Kingdom

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