141922 - Validation of reanalysis Southern Ocean atmosphere trends using sea ice data.pdf (3.71 MB)
Validation of reanalysis Southern Ocean atmosphere trends using sea ice data
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-20, 19:36 authored by William HobbsWilliam Hobbs, Andrew KlekociukAndrew Klekociuk, Pan, Y
Reanalysis products are an invaluable tool for representing variability and long-term trends in regions with limited in situ data, and especially the Antarctic. A comparison of eight different reanalysis products shows large differences in sea level pressure and surface air temperature trends over the high-latitude Southern Ocean, with implications for studies of the atmosphere's role in driving ocean–sea ice changes. In this study, we use the established close coupling between sea ice cover and surface temperature to evaluate these reanalysis trends using the independent, 30-year sea ice record from 1980 to 2010. We demonstrate that sea ice trends are a reliable validation tool for most months of the year, although the sea ice–surface temperature coupling is weakest in summer when the surface energy budget is dominated by atmosphere-to-ocean heat fluxes. Based on our analysis, we find that surface air temperature trends in JRA55 are most consistent with satellite-observed sea ice trends over the polar waters of the Southern Ocean.
Publication titleAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
Place of publicationGermany
Rights statementCopyright 2020 Author(s). This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License