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Variation in the food intake of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.), fed singly or in groups

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posted on 2023-05-25, 23:00 authored by Carter, CG, Houlihan, DF, McCarthy, ID, Brafield, AE
Each animal may be assumed to possess a unique combination of physiological traits (Bennett, 1987). However, there is little information on thc effects of interindividual variation in fish (Cui and Liu, 1990). Individual differences in competitive ability, aggressiveness and or size can lead to the establishment of dominance hierarchies within groups of fish (Metcalfe, 1989; Metcalfe et al., 1989). The variation in growth rates in groups of fish are rclated to dominance hierarchies and preferential access to food resources by dominant individuals (Jenkins, 1969; Fausch, 1984; Koebele, 1985). Recently, radiography has been used to measure individual consumption rates for groups of salmonids and has demonstrated considerable inter-individual variation in food intake (Jobling et al., 1989; Carter et al., 1992a; McCarthy et al., 1992). Two aims of this study were to use radiography to examine the variation in the food consumption rate of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellu (Val.), held together and to assess whcther variation in growth rates could bc explained by variation in consumption rates. A final aim of this study was to compare the day to day variation in consumption rates of grass carp held in a group to thosc held individually, in terms of the individual meal share, in order to examine the cffect of endogenous influences on appetite.


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Aquatic Living Resources





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