University of Tasmania

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Varietal response to groundnut rosette disease and the first report of Groundnut ringspot virus in Ghana

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 16:54 authored by Appiah, AS, Offei, SK, Robert TeggRobert Tegg, Calum WilsonCalum Wilson
Twelve cultivars of groundnut were screened in field trials for resistance to groundnut rosette disease (GRD), caused by coinfection with Groundnut rosette assistor virus (GRAV), Groundnut rosette virus (GRV), and its satellite RNA in the coastal savannah of Ghana. ‘Oboshie’ groundnut was rated as highly resistant; ‘Bremaowuo’, ‘Nkatefufuo’, and ‘Behenase’ as resistant; and ‘Nkosuor’, ‘Kumawu’, and ‘Otuhia’ as moderately resistant. GRAV infection rates of 11.8 to 61.8% (dry season) and 13.9 to 100% (wet season) were found, which included symptomless plants, suggesting that some lacked coinfection with GRV and its satellite. Chlorotic ringspot and line-pattern symptoms were observed, suggesting infection with Groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV). Virus identity was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, and amplicon sequencing. This is the first report of GRSV in Ghana. GRSV infection rates were 0.0 to 69.5% (dry season) and 26.1 to 69.5% (wet season). Mixed infections of GRAV and GRSV were common in all cultivars except Nkosuor and Bremaowuo in the dry season. Most cultivars graft inoculated with GRD showed significantly reduced height, leaf area, chlorophyll content, dry haulm weight, and seed yield compared with healthy plants. The sources of resistance to GRD and possibly GRAV and GRSV identified in this study could be exploited in groundnut breeding programs.


Publication title

Plant Disease










Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)


American Phytopathological Society

Place of publication

United States

Rights statement

Copyright 2016 The American Phytopathological Society

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Grain legumes