University Of Tasmania

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Wave impact loads on wave-piercing catamarans

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 00:57 authored by Jason Ali-LavroffJason Ali-Lavroff, Michael DavisMichael Davis, Damien HollowayDamien Holloway, Thomas, GA, Jason McVicarJason McVicar
Wave slamming is investigated for the 112 m INCAT wave-piercer catamaran with reference to experimental work conducted at full scale, numerical computation by CFD and FEA and testing at model scale using a 2.5 m segmented hydro-elastic model. The segmented model was tested in regular head seas to investigate the magnitude and location of the dynamic wave slam force and slam induced hull bending moments. The model consists of rigid segments joined by elastic hinges designed to match the scaled first longitudinal modal (whipping) frequency measured at full-scale on the INCAT 112 m vessel. Effects of forward speed and wave encounter frequency on slamming and whipping were investigated. Scaled slam forces of up to 2150 t weight (21.1 MN) were measured during model tests for a full-scale vessel with a loaded displacement of 2500 t. These slams can impart impulses on the bow of up to 938 t weight-seconds (9.20 MNs) and strain energy of up to 3.5 MJ into the ship structure based on scaled model test data. The impact energy is transferred primarily to the main longitudinal whipping mode, which decays with an overall structural damping ratio of 0.02–0.06, this being strongly dependent on internal frictional mechanisms within the ship structure.


Publication title

Ocean Engineering








School of Engineering


Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

Place of publication

The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Ox5 1Gb

Rights statement

Copyright 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Domestic passenger water transport (e.g. ferries)