University of Tasmania
Browse
Fish and Fisheries - 2023 - Goodrich - Why do some fish grow faster than others (1).pdf (5.43 MB)

Why do some fish grow faster than others?

Download (5.43 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2023-08-29, 03:11 authored by Harriet GoodrichHarriet Goodrich, Timothy D Clark
All animals must acquire food to grow, but there is a vast diversity in how different species and even different individuals approach and achieve this task. Individuals within a species appear to fall along a bold-shy continuum, whereby some fish acquire food aggressively and with seemingly high risk, while others appear more submissive and opportunistic. Greater food consumption generally results in faster growth, but only if the energy acquired through food is more than enough to compensate for heightened metabolism associated with a more active lifestyle. Fast-growing phenotypes also tend to have elevated baseline metabolism – at least when food is plentiful – which may be linked with gut morphology and digestive efficiency. The net energy gained from a meal (as calculated from the specific dynamic action (SDA) coefficient) is optimised with larger meal sizes, but the digestion of large meals can erode the aerobic metabolic scope available for other critical activities such as predator avoidance, perhaps at an interindividual level. Thus, complex interactions between an individual's genes and environment are likely to regulate the growth phenotype. This review compiles available knowledge to shed light on the question: Why do some fish grow faster than others? We discuss the elaborate interrelationships between behaviour, physiology and the gut microbiome with a goal to better understand what drives interindividual differences in growth performance.

History

Publication title

Fish and Fisheries

Volume

24

Issue

5

Pagination

16

eISSN

1467-2979

ISSN

1467-2960

Department/School

Fisheries and Aquaculture

Publisher

WILEY

Publication status

  • Published online

Rights statement

© 2023 The Authors. Fish and Fisheries published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.