University Of Tasmania
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Youth and long-term dietary calcium intake with risk of impaired glucose metabolism and type 2 diabetes in adulthood

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 01:30 authored by Feitong WuFeitong Wu, Juonala, M, Pahkala, K, Marie-Jeanne BuscotMarie-Jeanne Buscot, Sabin, MA, Pitkanen, N, Ronnemaa, T, Jula, A, Lehtimaki, T, Hutri-Kahonen, N, Kahonen, M, Laitinen, T, Viikari, JSA, Raitakari, OT, Costan MagnussenCostan Magnussen
Context: No previous studies have examined the role of youth calcium intake in the development of impaired glucose metabolism, particularly those with long-term high calcium intake.

Objectives: To examine whether youth and long-term (between youth and adulthood) dietary calcium intake is associated with adult impaired glucose metabolism and T2D.

Design, Setting, and Participants: The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS) is a 31-year prospective cohort study (n=1134, aged 3-18 years at baseline).

Exposures: Dietary calcium intake was assessed at baseline (1980) and adult follow-ups (2001, 2007 and 2011). Long-term (mean between youth and adulthood) dietary calcium intake was calculated.

Main outcome measures: Adult impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and T2D.

Results: We found no evidence for non-linear associations between calcium intake with IFG or T2D among females and males (all P for non-linearity > 0.05). Higher youth and long-term dietary calcium intake was not associated with the risk of IFG or T2D among females or males after adjustment for confounders including youth and adult BMI.

Conclusions: Youth or long-term dietary calcium intake is not associated with adult risk of developing impaired glucose metabolism or T2D.


Publication title

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism










Menzies Institute for Medical Research


Endocrine Soc

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Clinical health not elsewhere classified

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