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# Gauge invariant formulation of the Maxwell-Duffin-Kemmer-Petiau equations

We show that the Duffin-Kemmer-Petiau equation, minimally coupled to an abelian gauge field, can be regarded as a matrix equation for the gauge potential. This can be solved as a rational expression in terms of currents bilinear in the matter wave- function, together with a similar expression for the field strength tensor, thus providing a gauge invariant formulation of the Maxwell-DKP equations. We give the derivation of this result for the 5 component DKP system, by analogy with the Dirac equation case. To this end, we establish the algebraic structure of the set of bilinear currents, and the properties of the minimal generating set, which consists of two scalars and two four-vectors, together with a single quadratic constraint.

## History

## ISSN

2331-8422## Department/School

School of Natural Sciences## Publisher

Cornell University## Place of publication

United States## Preprint server

ArXiv## Repository Status

- Restricted