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Motivation and Academic Resilience in University Students: The Moderating Role of Age

posted on 2023-05-26, 13:50 authored by Phair, JK
University students face ongoing challenges, pressure and stressors throughout the course of their studies. Academic resilience is defined as students’ capacity to cope with chronic stressors that pose a major threat to long-term academic success (Martin & Marsh, 2009). The present study examined the effect of five motivational predictors of academic resilience proposed by Martin and Marsh (self-efficacy, persistence, planning, low uncertain control and low anxiety) in a sample of university students. The moderating role of age on this relationship was investigated. Participants comprised 466 undergraduate psychology students (337 females, Mage = 25.11) who completed a brief version of the Motivation and Engagement Scale University-College (MES-UC) and Academic Resilience Scale (ARS). Results showed that adaptive components of the MES-UC scale were positively related to academic resilience. The moderating effect of age in these was significant for selfefficacy, planning and persistence, whereby this effect was more pronounced for older students. These results suggest that interventions to increase academic resilience in university students should focus on enhancing adaptive aspects of motivation and behavioural engagement, and this is particularly important for older students.





School of Psychological Sciences


The University of Tasmania

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